This report presents the findings of a three-year study, of the early impacts of the Better Cotton Initiative on smallholder cotton producers in Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, India. The project is being implemented by a non-governmental organisation (NGO). The study included a baseline assessment (July to September 2015), an interim monitoring (August to November 2017) and a final evaluation (Augusto to November 2018). The study methodology employed theory-based evaluation and a Randomised Control Trial approach. A management response to this report is available here: https://www.evidensia.eco/resources/274/evaluation-of-the-early-impacts-of-the-better-cotton-initiative-on-smallholder-cotton-producers-in-kurnool-district-india-bci-management-response/. BCI management response includes a general assessment of the evaluation as well as a detailed response to each recommendation included in the study.