This work is part of a series of Forced Labour Evidence Briefs from the ReStructure Lab initiative that seek to bring academic research to bear on calls to address the root causes of the phenomenon in global supply chains and catalyse systemic change. They focus on six themes: mandatory human rights due diligence and transparency legislation; commercial contracts and sourcing; investment patterns and leverage; the labour share and value redistribution; ethical certification and social auditing; and worker debt. Each brief presents new ideas and examples of how business models and supply chains can be restructured to promote fair, equitable labour standards and worker rights. This briefing focusses on social auditing and ethical certification. Scroll below to view the full collection of briefing papers and outputs from the ReStructure Lab.