Truly inclusive landscapes depend not only on the quality of collaboration, but also on the quality of the overall governance context, the policy frameworks, the level of devolution of planning tasks, and the capacity of stakeholders to take up new roles and responsibilities that multi-stakeholder governance entails. Strengthening the role of civil society within this process, in particular the strengthening of the roles of youth, women and indigenous peoples, requires more than informal interaction and dialogue. Instead, it requires a more strategic approach to strengthening the position of women, youth, indigenous peoples and environmental rights activists within the societies in which they operate. A rights based approach addresses the current and the desired roles and responsibilities of individuals, communities, companies, societies and states vis-à-vis each other, and vis-à-vis the environment that they share. It helps raising the ambition of stakeholder dialogue and collaboration, and helps in setting benchmarks, and develop checks-and-balances within the context of conservation and development, and should therefore be an intrinsic part of an inclusive landscape approach.